A comparative analysis of measurement noise and multipath for four contellations: GPS, BeiDou, GLONASS and Galileo.

Authors: Cai, Changsheng; He, Chang; Santerre, Rock; Pan, Lin; Cui, Xianqiang; Zhu, Jianjun
Abstract: With the rapid development of BeiDou system (BDS) and steady progress of Galileo system, the current GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) constellations consist of GPS, GLONASS, BeiDou and Galileo. The real signals from the four constellations have been available, which allows us to analyse and compare their measurement noises and multipath effects. In this study, a zero-baseline test is conducted using two ‘Trimble NetR9’ receivers to assess and compare the noises and multipath of measurements on multiple frequencies from the four satellite systems. The zero-baseline double difference approach is utilised to analyse the receiver noises. The code multipath combination and triple-frequency carrier phase combination approaches are exploited to analyse a comprehensive effect of the multipath and noises on the code and carrier phase measurements, respectively. Based on the analysis of the zero-baseline dataset, the results indicate that the code measurement noise levels range from 5 to 25¿cm while the carrier phase noise levels vary within 0.9–1.5¿mm for different frequencies and constellations. The code multipath and noise (CMN) level for GLONASS is the largest with a root mean square (RMS) value of 39¿cm on both G1 and G2 frequencies whereas the Galileo code measurements exhibit a smallest level on the E5 frequency with a RMS value of only 10¿cm. The RMS of the carrier phase multipath and noises (PMN) ranges from 1.3 to 2.6¿mm for BeiDou and Galileo satellites. By contrast, the triple-frequency carrier phase combinations from the GPS Block IIF satellites demonstrate a much larger RMS value of 5.6¿mm owing to an effect of inter-frequency clock biases.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 30 March 2016
Open Access Date: Restricted access
Document version: VoR
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/9688
This document was published in: Survey review, Vol. 48 (349), 287-295 (2016)
Directorate of Overseas Surveys
Alternative version: 10.1179/1752270615Y.0000000032
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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