Middle-aged men with increased waist circumference and elevated C-reactive protein level are at higher risk for postoperative atrial fibrillation following coronary artery bypass grafting surgery

Authors: Girerd, NicolasPibarot, PhilippeFournier, DominiqueDaleau, PascalVoisine, PierreO'Hara, GillesDesprés, Jean-PierreMathieu, Patrick
Abstract: Introduction: We recently demonstrated that metabolic syndrome (MetS) is an independent risk factor for postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). In the present work, we sought to determine which feature of the MetS is associated with POAF. Methods and results: We retrospectively analysed the association between metabolic features and the incidence of new-onset POAF in a total of 2214 male patients <65 years who underwent first isolated CABG. Anthropometric data including waist circumference (WC) and complete preoperative lipid profile were available. We also conducted a nested case–control substudy including 147 patients who developed POAF, and were matched for age with a control population. In these patients, C-reactive protein, interleukin-6 (IL-6), and thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS; evaluating the oxidative stress) blood levels were determined. In the whole cohort, 19.6% of patients developed POAF. On univariate analysis, body mass index (BMI; P = 0.002) and WC (P = 0.001) were the only anthropometric variables significantly associated with increased incidence of POAF. In the multivariable logistic model, the only independent predictors of POAF were a WC > 102 cm [odds ratio (OR) = 1.40, P = 0.04)] and older age (OR = 1.08, P < 0.001). In the nested case–control substudy C-reactive protein, IL-6, and TBARS levels were not significantly different in patients with or without POAF. Of particular significance, patients with elevated WC > 102 cm and C-reactive protein > 1.5 mg/L or IL-6 >2.2 pg/mL were at a high risk of developing POAF (respectively, OR = 2.32, P = 0.02 and OR = 2.27, P = 0.03). Conclusion: Patients with increased WC combined with elevated C-reactive protein levels are at higher risk for POAF. Thus, interventions targeting inflammation related to visceral obesity might help reducing the incidence of POAF.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 27 March 2009
Open Access Date: Restricted access
Document version: VoR
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/8430
This document was published in: European Heart Journal, Vol. 30 (10), 1270–1278 (2009)
European Society of Cardiology
Alternative version: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehp091
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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