Midterm echocardiographic follow-up after Ross operation

Authors: Briand, MartinPibarot, PhilippeDumesnil, Jean G.Cartier, Paul C.
Abstract: Background— The pulmonary autograft (Ross) operation is an attractive treatment for aortic valve disease, but hemodynamic follow-up is not well defined. Methods and Results— One hundred thirty-two consecutive patients (62% male, mean age 40±11 years) were followed up to 5 years after the Ross operation. Echocardiography was performed early (within 30 days), 3 to 6 months, and yearly after surgery. The valve effective orifice area (EOA) and mean transvalvular gradient of both aortic and pulmonary valves were measured, and transvalvular regurgitation was assessed by using color Doppler echocardiography. EOA was indexed for body surface area. The hemodynamic performance was excellent for both the aortic and pulmonary valves early after surgery (gradient, 3±4 and 3±4 mm Hg, respectively). It remained stable thereafter for the aortic valve, whereas there was a significant deterioration of the EOA (-0.74±0.82 cm2) and gradient (+6±8 mm Hg) for the pulmonary valve, which occurred mostly during the first 6 months after surgery. This hemodynamic deterioration resulted in suboptimal (defined as an EOA index <0.85 cm2/m2) hemodynamics in 19.3% of the patients, to the extent that 3 (2%) of the 132 patients eventually had to be subjected to further surgery for severe pulmonary valve stenosis. Conclusions— The pulmonary autograft provides continued excellent hemodynamics in the aortic position, whereas moderately high gradients can be found across the pulmonary homograft in some patients. Further studies are necessary to identify the factors responsible for the deterioration of the hemodynamic performance of the homograft in the pulmonary position and to determine its impact on right ventricular function and clinical status.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 7 November 2000
Open Access Date: Restricted access
Document version: VoR
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/8349
This document was published in: Circulation, Vol. 102 (Suppl. 3), p. III-10-III-14 (2000)
American Heart Association
Alternative version: 10.1161/01.CIR.102.suppl_3.III-10
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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