Oxidized low-density lipoprotein, angiotensin II and increased waist cirumference are associated with valve inflammation in prehypertensive patients with aortic stenosis

Authors: Côté, NancyPibarot, PhilippePépin, AndréeFournier, DominiqueAudet, AudreyArsenault, BenoitCouture, ChristianPoirier, PaulDesprés, Jean-PierreMathieu, Patrick
Abstract: Introduction: The progression of aortic stenosis (AS) has been shown to be faster in patients with the metabolic syndrome. We sought to determine the relationships between blood pressure, inflammation, oxidative stress and valvular inflammation in a population of normotensive and prehypertensive patients with AS. Methods: In this study, 36 male patients (age: 61.5 ± 2 years) with AS undergoing an aortic valve replacement were investigated. Plasma levels of adiponectin, oxidized-LDL (ox-LDL), angiotensinogen (AGN) and angiotensin I-II (Ang I-II) were measured. On explanted aortic valves, immunohistochemistry studies and quantitative PCR (q-PCR) analyses were performed to document the expression of inflammatory cytokines. Results: Systolic blood pressure (SBP) was positively correlated with plasma level of ox-LDL ( r = 0.4; p = 0.02), AGN ( r = 0.41; p = 0.01), and white blood cells count ( r = 0.33; p = 0.04), whereas it was inversely related to plasma level of adiponectin ( r = - .35; p = 0.04). After adjustment for covariates, plasma level of ox-LDL ( p = 0.01) remained significantly associated with SBP ( p = 0.01). Within the aortic valve, expression of TNF-a was significantly associated with plasma levels of ox-LDL ( r = 0.58; p = 0.03), Ang II ( r = 0.69; p = 0.013), and waist circumference ( r = 0.60; p = 0.02), whereas valvular expression of IL-6 was associated with plasma level of Ang II ( r = 0.51; p = 0.03). In explanted AS valves, ox-LDL was documented near calcified areas and colocalized with Ang II, IL-6, and TNF-a. Conclusion: Conditions associated with a higher oxidative stress and activation of the renin angiotensin system, such as encountered in viscerally obese and prehypertensive patients, contribute to higher valvular inflammation in AS.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 13 June 2009
Open Access Date: Restricted access
Document version: VoR
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/7909
This document was published in: International Journal of Cardiology, Vol. 145 (3), 444–449 (2010)
Alternative version: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2009.05.054
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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