Inflammation is associated with the remodeling of calcific aortic valve disease

Authors: Côté, NancyMahmut, AblajanBossé, YohanCouture, ChristianPagé, SylvainTrahan, SylvainBoulanger, Marie-ChloéFournier, DominiquePibarot, PhilippeMathieu, Patrick
Abstract: Calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD) is the most frequent heart valve disorder. Studies indicate that mineralization of the aortic valve may be related to the inflammatory process. However, no clear evidence has been given regarding clinical evolution of aortic stenosis and the inflammatory process within the aortic valve. Aortic valves excised from 285 patients with CAVD undergoing aortic valve replacement were analyzed for the presence of chronic inflammatory infiltrates, and those findings were related to the hemodynamic severity of aortic stenosis. In a subset of 57 patients, in whom additional valvular tissue and the clinical progression rate of aortic stenosis were available, the density of leukocytes was determined as well as the number of TNF-a transcripts. Histological analyses revealed that in 81 (28.4 %) patients, the presence of chronic inflammatory infiltrates was documented within CAVD tissue, which was characterized by the existence of a cluster of cells as well as the presence of neovascularisation and osseous metaplasia. The presence of an inflammatory process within the CAVD tissue was independently related to the remodeling process and the peak transaortic gradient. In addition, the density of leukocytes within CAVD tended to correlate (r¿=¿0.25, p¿=¿0.05) with the progression rate of aortic stenosis. Dense inflammatory infiltrate within CAVD is associated with an active remodeling process, the severity of aortic stenosis, and the hemodynamic progression rate.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 9 December 2012
Open Access Date: Restricted access
Document version: VoR
This document was published in: Inflammation, Vol. 36 (3), 573–581 (2013)
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Alternative version: 10.1007/s10753-012-9579-6
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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