Potential of Rhizobium and Bradyrhizobium species as plant growth promoting rhizobacteria on non-legumes: Effect on radishes (Raphanus sativus L.)

Authors: Antoun, HaniBeauchamp, Chantal JeanneGoussard, NadiaChabot, Rock; Lalande, Roger
Abstract: Bradyrhizobia and rhizobia are symbiotic bacterial partners forming nitrogen fixing nodules on legumes. These bacteria share characteristics with plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR). Nodule inducing bacteria, like other PGPR, are capable of colonizing the roots of non-legumes and produce phytohormones, siderophores and HCN. They also exhibit antagonistic effects towards many plant pathogenic fungi. The potential of nodule inducing bacteria to function as PGPR, was examined by using radish as a model plant. Three percent of the 266 strains tested were found to be cyanogens, while a majority (83%) produced siderophores. Fifty eight percent of the strains produced indole 3-acetic acid (IAA) and 54% solubilized phosphorus. Some of the bacterial species examined were found to have a deleterious effect while others were neutral or displayed a stimulatory effect on radishes. Bradyrizobium japonicum strain Soy 213 was found to have the highest stimulatory effect (60%), and an arctic strain (N44) was the most deleterious, causing a 44% reduction in radish dry matter yield. A second plant inoculation test, performed in growth cabinets, revealed that only strain Tal 629 of B. japonicum significantly increased (15%) the dry matter yield of radish. This indicates that specific bradyrhizobia have the potential to be used as PGPR on non-legumes.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 1 January 1998
Open Access Date: Restricted access
Document version: VoR
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/7530
This document was published in: Plant and Soil, Vol. 204 (1), 57–67 (1998)
M. Nijhoff
Alternative version: 10.1023/A:1004326910584
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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