"Against a Sharp White Background" : racial stereotypes, intersectionality, and iterations of black womanhood in Langston Hughes's Not Without Laughter, Toni Morrison's The Bluest Eye, and Claudia Rankine's Citizen : an american lyric

Authors: Lavertu, Camille
Advisor: Marcoux, Jean-Philippe
Abstract: This thesis investigates the evolution of racist and sexist stereotypes forced onto black women in three African American works: Langston Hughes's Morrison's The Bluest Eye , and Claudia Rankine's Not Without Laughter Citizen: An American Lyric , Toni . The thesis aims to show the pervasiveness of the double bind of African American women that emerged during slavery and that persists in the culture of the twenty-first century as the Mammy, the Jezebel, or the angry black woman, among . Stereotypes, such others, were created and maintained to provide an ideological justification for the marginalization and exploitation of black women, which, in turn, were used to support the interests of the white mainstream and patriarchal society. To this day, these cont rolling images black female body, mind, and sexuality perpetuate racism and regulate the in the United States. Through a chronological analysis of the works, respectively published in 1930, 1970, and 2014, my argumentation posits that the chosen iterations of black womanhood talk back to their racial heritage, a vexed history of misrepresentation and misconception, thereby allowing for new performances and scripts of the black female self to be inscribed in culture. My approach to this thesis, grounded in theorizations related to intersectionality and black feminism, demonstrates that Hughes, Morrison, and Rankine revisit, challenge, and deconstruct racial stereotypes to highlight the multiplicity of African American female identities and, ultimately, reject the monolithic perception of black women.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2022
Open Access Date: 25 July 2022
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/73933
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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