Qu'est-ce qu'un trouble mental? : l'héritage philosophique de Thomas Szasz

Authors: Fleury-Giguère, Maxime
Advisor: Méthot, Pierre-Olivier
Abstract: This thesis in philosophy of medicine offers a review of the criticisms targeting the idea that psychiatry is not a medical discipline in the strict sense put forward by Thomas Szasz. From a historical perspective, the review of the criticisms seeks to reevaluate Szasz's importance in recent history of psychiatry by showing the key role he played in the history of American psychiatry and the one he still occupies today in psychiatry and philosophy of psychiatry. From an epistemological perspective, this review seeks to identify arguments likely to refute the szaszian analysis of disorders to prevent the skeptical challenges that flow from it. From a philosophical perspective, the review of the criticisms helps clarify the szaszian analysis of disorders which, although it is often cited by philosophers of psychiatry, is often misunderstood, and grossly summarized. Deepening the links between the different theses of the szaszian analysis of disorders will help fill this gap in philosophy of health literature and open up new avenues of research on the legacy of Szasz's thought in the twenty-first century.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2022
Open Access Date: 25 July 2022
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/73930
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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