« Où est le boss ? » : Rapports sociaux de sexe et division sociosexuée du travail dans l'agriculture de proximité québécoise

Authors: Benitez Ortiz, Alba
Advisor: Boulianne, ManonLabrecque, Marie France
Abstract: The purpose of this research is to examine gender relations and division of labor that prevail among couples who are owners or co-owners of a vegetable farm that commercializes its products in short supply chains. At first glance, given the horizontal values that are often promoted in this type of agriculture, people who practice it seem to favor fairer or more egalitarian social relations. There is also an idyllic and family-oriented image, widely held by the supporters of local agriculture, who define it as a way of life and an occupation that allows a harmonious articulation between work and family. This contributes to an idealization of the position and life of women in this type of agriculture, where they would be more nurturing and particularly connected to the environment (human and non-human), while being fulfilled in their role as mothers and wives. The narratives of the women who took part in my research show that their situation is far from being idyllic and that their professional and personal trajectories are marked by several challenges. These challenges reflect various structural obstacles, such as the assignment of less socially valued jobs to women and, sometimes, the asymmetrical dynamics that are reproduced within couples. Semi-structured interviews with ten women involved in local agriculture in the Chaudière-Appalaches and Capitale-Nationale regions also revealed the prevalence of a gendered division of labour and sexist stereotypes in agriculture. The latter hinders the transformation of gender relations and, consequently, contributes to the maintenance of structural inequalities in the context studied.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2022
Open Access Date: 18 July 2022
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/73874
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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