Structure des communautés microbiennes dans les sédiments lacustres du Haut-Arctique

Authors: Lapointe, Anne-Marie
Advisor: Culley, AlexanderAntoniades, Dermot
Abstract: Stuckberry Valley experienced significant climatic variability during the Holocene and is currently an environment in rapid transition due to rising temperatures. The retreat of the main glacier from the valley resulted in the formation of four lakes, where the age of each lake is proportional to its elevation above the Arctic Ocean. The sediments from these lakes represent a treasure trove of information about past changes in the Stuckberry Valley watershed and provide a "long-term memory" of how the lakes responded to these changes. The specific objective of the study is to characterize changes over time in the structure of microbial communities. To do this, DNA was extracted from discrete sediment layers followed by 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing for the bacterial and archaeal fractions and shotgun sequencing of a few targeted layers to characterize viruses. Bioinformatics and statistical analyses were then performed to determine taxonomic affiliations and to compare the microbial diversity of the sediment core layers of the four lakes, based on the hypothesis that the microbial diversity would vary over time and that this dynamic reflected past environmental changes in the watershed. Our results suggest that the structure of the microbial community over time was influenced by environmental changes in Stuckberry Valley, while the variation between lakes appears to result from their respective physico-chemical composition and their different ages. This work gives new insight into the forces behind episodic and interannual changes in microbial communities.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2022
Open Access Date: 20 June 2022
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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