Étude de normalisation du Color Trails Test auprès d'une population adulte saine, franco-québécoise et âgée de 50 ans ou plus

Authors: Gaudreau, Anne-Sophie
Advisor: Hudon, Carol
Abstract: Neuropsychological test results should be interpreted against appropriate standards representing a group of healthy people with similar demographic characteristics. Without the existence of standards for a given test, interpreting cognitive scores is quite difficult. There is also a significant influence of socio-demographic factors and culture on the neuropsychological tests’ performance. Indeed, studies have reported a cultural bias that can be objectified by differences in performance (completion time) according to ethnic groups and cultures. The main objective of this doctoral work was to provide a normative standard for the neuropsychological Color Trails Test (CTT) in a population of cognitively healthy French-Quebecers aged 50 and over. This study revealed an association between age and completion time at CTT completion time 1 (CCT1) and CTT completion time 2 (CTT2) as well as with certain error partitions and the interference index. The impact of age on cognitive tests is consistent with the results of previous studies. Also, age explained a greater proportion of performance variance in CTT2 than in CTT1. These differences could be interpreted in relation to the fact that the CTT1 is less demanding at the cognitive level and that the CTT2 is more demanding in terms of attentional and executive capacities. In addition, the results indicate a marginally significant association with education at CTT1, but not with CTT2. Finally, no association was found between CTT1 or CTT2 and sex. Given the need for standardized normalized tests, as well as the potential cross-cultural applicability of CTT, it is envisioned that the normalization of this tool will be useful to Quebec clinicians and researchers. The present findings will make it possible to obtain more precise evaluations and interpretations of CTT test results among adults and elderly people in Quebec. In sum, this research compensates for the lack of normative data for the CTT in the adult and elderly population in Quebec.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2022
Open Access Date: 13 June 2022
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/73592
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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