Quantification des effets à long terme d'une épidémie de la tordeuse des bourgeons de l'épinette sur les stocks de carbone forestier à l'aide de placettes-échantillons permanentes

Authors: Migué, Véronique
Advisor: Simard, MartinThiffault, Évelyne
Abstract: In northeastern North America, spruce budworm (SBW) outbreaks are a major natural disturbance of the boreal forest and play an important role in forest dynamics (growth and mortality of attacked trees, age and composition structure, ecological succession, etc.). Although it is recognized that insect outbreaks have a significant impact on the carbon (C) budget, few studies have examined the effects of SBW on forest C stocks and dynamics. To our knowledge, this is the first study to address this issue using long-term empirical data, namely permanent sample plots data collected since the early 1970s. Trajectories of aboveground woody C during and after the1970s-1980s outbreak were observed in three bioclimatic zones and were largely influenced by outbreak severity. In lightly affected sites, the SBW signal was very subtle. In severely affected sites of the balsam fir-yellow birch, balsam fir-white birch, and black spruce-feathermoss zones, short-term (0 to ~15 years) changes in live C were -11.9 t C ha⁻¹, -16.8 t C ha⁻¹, and -17.2 t C ha⁻¹, respectively. In the long term (~15 to ~50 years), recovery of the live C stock was achieved primarily through the recruitment of new stems. By the end of the study period (~50 years), most high-severity sites in the two balsam fir zones had exceeded their pre-outbreak live C stock, which was not the case in the black spruce-feathermoss zone. This study provides the first long-term empirical data on the effects of SBW on forest C, which will help refine models of forest C dynamics.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2022
Open Access Date: 16 May 2022
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/73427
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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