Extraction au point trouble séquentielle de radionucléides d'origine naturelle à des fins de surveillance environnementale

Authors: Blanchet-Chouinard, Guillaume
Advisor: Larivière, Dominic
Abstract: Human exposure to naturally occurring radionuclides (NORM) is an on going concern in the protection of Canadian drinking water sources. The protection of these water sources begins with the implementation of a rigorous monitoring of contamination of the various aquifers composing the Canadian water network. It is therefore important to develop efficient, robust and rapid extraction approaches and analysis techniques in order to carryout such program. Several radiocontaminants from the uranium-238 decay series are particularly harmful to the health of the various planetary ecosystems. This project aimed to develop a technique for the sequential extraction and analysis of ²¹⁰Pb, ²¹⁰Bi and ²¹⁰Po contained in various environmental matrices and will constitute the basis of the work carried out during this doctoral project. To do this, it will be necessary to develop effective micellar systems, containing a complexing agent specific for each of these radioisotopes, in order to isolate them individually. Unlike liquid-liquid extraction or solid phase extraction which use large quantities of consumable, cloud point extraction requires only a small amount of surfactant, in order to isolate and pre-concentrate an analyte of interest, thus minimizing its environmental impact. While radiotoxic, the concentrations of radiocontaminants in the various environmental matrices are typically very low, requiring sufficient pre-concentration factors to enable their detection. The coacervate-based extraction offers pre-concentration factors that can reach 200 times, thus allowing the analysis of the various target elements at the ultra-trace level. These sequential extractions will require the use of a single sample, thus avoiding producing large quantities of waste, during routine analyses. Once extracted, the radio isotopes of interest will be analyzed by different analysis techniques depending on their chemical and physical nature (mass spectrometry, α spectrometry, β spectrometry, liquid scintillation counting), thus bringing another dimension to this project.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2022
Open Access Date: 9 May 2022
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/73370
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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