Quantification de l'érosion des sols organiques de l'ouest de la Montérégie en production horticole par dosage du radioisotope césium-137

Authors: Gloutney, Alexis
Advisor: Dessureault-Rompré, JacyntheBernard, Claude
Abstract: The cultivated organic soils of western Montérégie supply a large part of the horticultural sector of the province of Quebec. However, drainage for their cultivation makes them particularly vulnerable to degradation and soil loss. Scientists assume that half of their degradation can be explained by erosion. However, its real intensity is poorly known. The present research project carried out within the framework of the master's degree in soils and environment presented as objectives to quantify the total cumulative erosion since 1963 in cultivated organic soils and to study the modulation of its intensity by measurements of the spatial redistribution of caesium-137. The annual erosion rates obtained vary from 0.4 to 8.8 t/ha, while those initially estimated vary from 4.1 to 54.6 t/ha. However, the average value of 2.9 t/ha (with a standard deviation of 2.1 t/ha) obtained was comparable to that obtained in the current Study on the Health of Agricultural Soils in Quebec carried out by the IRDA which was 3.6 t/ha (with a standard deviation of 4.5 t/ha). No significant difference between the annual erosion rates could be detected by means of analyzes of variance between the groups of fields under study. In addition, the comparative analyzes between the soil erosion rates calculated from the residual caesium-137 contents compared to those estimated using the various physico-chemical parameters do not yield significant results. It can be hypothesized that the share of soil loss by erosion would be greater than presumed initially. In addition, several hypotheses are put forward to explain the lack of effect and significant trend detected. Finally, it seems that a new model for interpreting caesium-137 inventories in soil loss by erosion must be developed for cultivated and drained organic soils.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2022
Open Access Date: 2 May 2022
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/73286
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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