Procédure d'appel d'offres et contrats d'infrastructures publiques : une perspective relationnelle pour favoriser l'utilisation de la RPI et du BIM
|Advisor:||Lemieux, Pierre; Beauregard L., Robert|
|Abstract:||The emergence of alternative project delivery methods in public construction projects, such as integrated project delivery, illustrates a paradigm shift in government practice. However, public procurement procedures and contracts currently used by the Administration do not help reach the full desired effects of integrated practices. A relational vision of contract can serve as a lever for the implementation of alternative project delivery methods, which focus on cooperation, collaboration, innovation and iterations. Relational contracts better identify the complex sociological reality, punctuated by power struggles, trust and flexibility, governing long-term contractual exchanges such as professional service and construction contracts. Relational contracts have demonstrated several advantages for carrying out the design and construction work. First, these contracts allow for the maintenance of a healthy long-term relationship co-contracting parties, an essential element for collaboration and for the establishment of synergies that can foster innovation and value creation. Maintaining balanced relationships with the private sector is more a question of trust, quality of services provided and innovation rather than the completion of a project under a fixed price and conform to unilaterally imposed requirements. Establishing a relational approach also allows for better performance in project execution, in terms of reducing lead times, reducing production and transaction costs and increasing quality. These are the three elements considered to be the most important indicators of project performance. The upstream work and interaction of project stakeholders, based on synergy and value-creation processes, allows cost reduction which allows the government to soundly manage public funds. Effective communication between the parties, coupled with joint planning, helps reduce project schedules. Collaboration is at the service of innovation and facilitates optimization of different building systems, thus providing quality infrastructures. This thesis, resulting from three different articles, operationalizes Macneil's relational contract theory and identifies relational, or conversely, transactional practices and mechanisms, at the level of contract preparation and its formation (tendering procedure and contractual language) as well as its execution (actual processes used over the course of the relationship). Recommendations for necessary modifications to the tendering procedure are formulated in order to allow the use of a relational approach in the public sector and thus benefit from the advantages of integrated approaches.|
|Document Type:||Thèse de doctorat|
|Open Access Date:||2 May 2022|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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