Étude sur l'effet de l'augmentation sensorielle sur le contrôle de l'équilibre

Authors: Anctil, Noémie
Advisor: Simoneau, MartinTurcot, Katia
Abstract: During upright standing, the brain uses sensory cues to estimate body sways amplitude and direction. These sensory information helps in controlling upright balance. For individuals with balance control impairment, sensory information is altered and vibrotactile feedback improves their balance. It is unclear, however, if feedback must be provided each time balance is compromised. The goal of this study was to compare two quantities of trunk vibrotactile feedback while visual and somatosensory information were altered and to evaluate if the results on upright balance control were maintained afterward. Method: Twenty-four healthy young adults randomly assigned to two groups (feedback 33% and 100%) stood upright on the foam surface with their eyes closed. They first received vibrotactile feedback provided according to body sway angle amplitude and direction and then without feedback. Thereafter, vibrotactile feedback was unrelated to body sway angle and direction. To assess balance control, we measured the ground reaction forces, body sway angle and angular velocity along the anteroposterior and mediolateral axes. We calculated the root mean square values and an ellipse covering 85% all these measures. Results: Balance control of both groups was similar. When vibrotactile feedback was provided, body sway angle amplitude decreased while body sway angular velocity and the ground reaction forces increased. Immediately following vibrotactile feedback, the reduction in body sway angle was maintained while the body sway velocity and the ground forces decreased. When vibrotactile feedback was unrelated to body sway angle, all balance control parameter increased. Conclusion: Participants processed vibrotactile feedback to control their balance. Vibrotactile feedback was effective in improving balance control despite the quantity of vibrotactile feedback provided. We argue that providing vibrotactile feedback one-third of the time that balance control is compromised could be the best choice as it enhances balance control, and it likely implies less cognitive load.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2022
Open Access Date: 25 April 2022
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/73228
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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