Participation à un programme de réinsertion sociale et évolution du potentiel criminogène : données probantes du Québec

Authors: Faucher, Ariane
Advisor: Isabelle, MaripierLacroix, Guy
Abstract: A dynamic literature in the economics of crime has, in recent years, offered analyses that allow us to better understand the impact of reintegration programs on the observed recidivism of criminals. However, the impact and the heterogenity of the impact of such programs on the latent criminogenic tendency of individuals, particularly among repeat offenders, remains unknown. Although it is important from the point of view of public policies and management of resources in prisons, it is difficult to answer this question because the criminogenic tendency of individuals is generally not observable. Using data from the Quebec Ministry of Public Security, this thesis proposes an answer to this problem. Measuring the criminogenic tendency of repeat offenders using LS/CMI, an actuarial tool that assesses the risks of recidivism and the needs of individuals, it estimates how the latter can be influenced by participation in social reintegration programs during a previous sentence. This thesis also assesses the heterogeneity of these impacts depending on the socioeconomic environment in which the inmate finds himself when he leaves prison. I use an instrumental variable stratgy to address the endogeneity of the offenders' participation in different social reintegration programs. More specifically, I instrument the participation in a program by the estimated propensity of the evaluator, randomly assigned to an offender on his first incarceration, to incentivize inmates to register for such programs. The estimated impacts, positive and not statiscally significant, are larger in magnitude with an IV method than with a non-instrumented linear probability model, suggesting that the inmates who have the most to gain from reinsertion programs are not systematically the ones who sign up for them. This finding suggests that the programs might have an even larger positive impact on the criminogenic tendencies of the population of individual for whom such an evolution is not observed given that they never receive a second LS/CMI evaluation. From the point of view of societal gains, an improvement in the criminogenic potential translates into a shorter presence in detention and less serious criminal acts resulting in long-term savings of investment.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2022
Open Access Date: 25 April 2022
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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