Les imaginaires migratoires et l'intégration socioprofessionnelle : le cas des immigrants économiques de Québec

Authors: Guay, Carol-Anne
Advisor: Arsenault, Stéphanie
Abstract: Although Quebec is one of the nations promoting economic immigration within its borders, socio-professional integration remains a major problem for many immigrants who reported facing barriers. The inconsistency between the information about the professional opportunities transmitted in the discourses on immigration and reality raises several questions. This study is part of a desire to give voice to 11 economic immigrants in order to learn more about their motivations for undertaking the migration project, their expectations, as well as the factors that facilitated or hindered their socio-professional integration in the Capitale-Nationale. Analysis of their discourse reveals that their decision to immigrate was motivated by both a desire for personal and professional development, but also a desire to flee political instability and financial insecurity. The imagination of their migration project in Canada, and more precisely in Quebec, was built around an attraction for the social and political ideal they represent, but also for the professional opportunities they offer. Despite this positive image of their future host society, they had anticipated difficulties in their socio-professional integration. Although they have encountered them at certain points in their journey, immigrants are generally satisfied with their integration into Quebec society. Their experience, in sum, corresponds to what they had imagined before arriving and all mention that their premigratory expectations have been met or are in the process of being met. The immigrants interviewed shared the external elements that facilitated their journey, in this case, the presence of a social network, adapted services and employment accommodations. The analysis of the discourses also made it possible to highlight the important place that individual responsibility occupies in the explanation of the difficulties encountered as well as of the elements that facilitated their socio-professional integration. Training received in Quebec, previous experiences, personal characteristics, as well as a rigorous premigratory preparation, were all factors identified as favourable to a positive integration experience.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2021
Open Access Date: 10 January 2022
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/71440
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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