Prendre un verre avec les Anderson et les Pitl dans le Limoilou du XIXe siècle : analyse du statut socio-économique et des normes sociales à partir des bouteilles d'alcool et de la verrerie de table

Authors: Archambault, Rachel
Advisor: Bain, Allison
Abstract: In the summer of 2018, the Université Laval historical archeology field school held its second season at the Anderson site (CeEt-950), located in Limoilou, Québec City. Several structures related to the management of household waste were located in the backyard of Hedley Lodge, a house built around 1812 and destroyed in the 1960s. Of these structures, an undisturbed privy dating from the 19th century contained important quantities of rich organic deposits and material culture. Using archives and some personal artefacts, it was determined that the users of the privy were the Anderson and Pitl families, present at the site throughout the 19th century. In this research, numerous glass alcohol bottles and table glassware were analyzed in order to determine the role of these artifacts in defining the socio-economic status of the inhabitants. Considering that l'art de la table and alcoholic consumption are loaded with a strong evocative meaning, especially during the Victorian period, our goal here is to identify the influence of class norms and trends on the choice of consumers in matters of alcohol and tablewares. Through extensive research of etiquette manuals, iconography, and newspapers, it was possible to recontextualize the purchase, consumption, and disposal of these artifacts, and thus join the table of these two important families of Limoilou. We discovered tables that had up-to-date tableware, each reflecting, in their own way, the social positions of the two families and their wealth. The study of the drinking practices of Anderson and Pitl sheds light on a century in constant flux, where technological advances had repercussions on an increasingly abundant material culture and where openness toward an ever-expanding world is reflected in the variety of alcoholic beverages and tableware available to 19th-century Québec consumers.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2021
Open Access Date: 10 January 2022
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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