Relations d'emploi à l'ère de l'industrie 4.0 : un cas d'expérimentation institutionnelle dans le secteur manufacturier de l'aérospatiale au Danemark

Authors: Garneau, Julie
Advisor: Le Capitaine, Catherine; Lévesque, Christian
Abstract: In recent years, Industry 4.0 has emerged as a new model of interconnected production in the manufacturing world. However, while companies seek to adapt to the new realities using different novel technologies, including the Internet of Things, data collection and analysis, process automation, robotization, and Artificial Intelligence, the concept of Industry 4.0 remains indeterminate and uncertain in both production and work. Using the concept of institutional experimentation, this study analyzes how local actors (union and management) investigate and resolve indeterminacy of Industry 4.0. Based on a case study in a manufacturing company in the aerospace sector in Denmark, this study aims to better understand 1) how local union and management actors' experiment with their institutions to respond to this uncertainty and 2) the enabling institutional conditions supporting actors in their experiment. The data collected over a period of three years (interviews, observations and documents) were analysed through a qualitative processual analysis (Abdallah, Lusiani, & Langley, 2019). Results highlight the iterative sub-processes of the experimentation which help built its definition as a creative and dynamic inquiry process by actors institutionnally situated and endowed with certain skills (Dewey, 1967). In addition, by placing local actors within a formal and informal institutional setting, the analysis shows the different power resources used by local actors and reveals the multilevel nature of institutional experimentation. On a theoretical level, the use of the American pragmatist approach of John Dewey (1967) offers a detailed understanding of the phenomenon of experimentation by illustrating the experimental "habits" of Danish local actors, which helps to lighten its mechanical aspect (CF Sabel & Zeitlin, 2012b) by showing a rather creative and processual inquiry at the micro level while creating collective resources (collective goods) at sectoral and regional levels (Herrigel, 2012b; Ostrom, 1990). With regard to institutional change, this study enriches previous accounts of gradual and processual changes (Ilsøe, 2018) and demonstrates the ability of Danish industrial relations institutions to adapt to new digital work transformation (Dølvik & Steen, 2018; Rolandsson et al., 2020). On empirical grounds, this study illuminates the institutional conditions that enable and facilitate these kind of experimentations operating at the margins of national institutions. Finally, shifting from the conventional narrative about the disruption of employment relations in the era of Industry 4.0, this case study illustrates how certain institutional conditions associated with a negotiated economy-or, more recently, "experimentalists institutions" (Kristensen & Morgan, 2012a)-allow local employment relation actors to introduce digital technologies into the organization of work while maintaining a certain reproduction of the Danish model.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2021
Open Access Date: 10 January 2022
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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