Cibler la qualité nutritionnelle afin d'améliorer la santé cardiométabolique en milieu de travail

Authors: Amil, Samira
Advisor: Després, Jean-PierreLamarche, Benoît
Abstract: Given the dramatic increase in the prevalence of cardiovascular disease worldwide, there was an urgent need to establish a public health strategy to stop or at least slow the progression of these diseases. In 2010, the American Heart Association introduced the concept of ideal CV health as a new approach to reduce the burden of these diseases and recommended targeting seven parameters (Life's Simple 7) including three biological risk factors (cholesterol, blood pressure, fasting glucose) and four lifestyle markers (physical activity, body mass index, smoking, and quality diet). Of these parameters, diet quality is the most deteriorated parameter since less than 1 % of the population have a good quality diet. As a result, changing this factor could have a major impact on CV health. In 2014, the World Health Organisation proposed the workplace as an ideal setting to implement strategies to promote the health of a wide audience in terms of lifestyle changes, including dietary quality. The objective of this study conducted for master degree is to document the impact of improving overall dietary quality on the cardiometabolic risk profile targeted by a 3-monthlifestyle change program conducted at the workplace. Standardized medical history and physical activity questionnaires were completed by the participants (2260 men and 798women). Dietary quality assessment was performed by the Dietary Screening Tool. The cardiometabolic profile (anthropometric measurements and lipid profile) and cardiorespiratory fitness were also assessed. The results of this research study provide evidence that diet quality can be assessed and targeted in the workplace to improve cardiometabolic health.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2021
Open Access Date: 20 December 2021
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/71255
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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