Correlation of supine MRI and standing radiographs for cervical sagittal balance in myelopathy patients : a cross-sectional study.

Authors: Boudreau, Catherine; Carrondo Cottin, SylvineRuel-Laliberté, JessicaMercier, DavidGélinas-Phaneuf, NicholasPaquet, Jérôme
Abstract: Purpose Cervical sagittal alignment is correlated with myelopathy severity and used by spinal surgeons for surgical planifcation. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the gold standard for the evaluation of cervical myelopathy but may not be for the assessment of cervical sagittal balance compared to X-rays. The objective of this study was to assess the correlation of cervical alignment between supine MRI and standing radiographs in patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). Methods Cobb, Jackson and Harrison methods were used to measure cervical sagittal alignment on supine MRI and standing radiographs of CSM adults. Cervical alignment was divided based on Cobb angle values on lordotic (>4°), kyphotic (<−4°) and rectitude (−4° to 4°). Correlations between radiographic and MRI measurements were determined. Intra- and interobserver reliability were assessed and MRI and X-Ray-measured angles were compared. Results One hundred and thirty patients with CSM were reviewed. Correlations of cervical lordosis measures between radiographs and MRI were strong using the Cobb (0.65) and Jackson (0.63) methods, and moderate using the Harrison (0.37) method. Mean cervical lordosis angle was signifcantly lower on supine MRI compared to standing radiographs for all methods (Cobb 11.6 Rx vs. 9.2 MRI, Jackson 14.6 vs. 11.6, Harrison 23.5 vs. 19.9). Eighteen patients (15.4%) without lordosis on supine MRI presented lordosis on standing radiographs. Conclusion A substantial proportion of patients has sagittal alignment discrepancies between supine MRI and standing radiographs. Therefore, standing radiographs of the cervical spine should always be included in surgical planning of CSM patients.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 21 April 2021
Open Access Date: Restricted access
Document version: VoR
This document was published in: European Spine Journal, Vol. 30, 1521-1528 (2021)
Alternative version: 10.1007/s00586-021-06833-0
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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