La nation de la minorité bruyante : idéologies de la droite radicale au Canada

Authors: Morin-Bertrand, Félix-Arnaud
Advisor: Campana, Aurélie
Abstract: A rise of the populist radical right has been observed in Western democracies in recent years. This was reflected at the electoral level in Europe and even in the United States. While Canada has been relatively spared by the rise of the latter on the electoral front, it has nonetheless been possible to see an increase in the number of groups resembling this right-wing movement. However, very few studies have been focusing on those groups and their ideologies in the Canadian context. This study examines the relationship between the two main ideologies of the radical right-wing populist, ethnonationalism and populism, in the discourse of two Canadian groups: La Meute and the National Citizens Alliance. An analysis of the groups' discourse is done from their official documentation and Facebook posts from 2019. Our analysis, through the theoretical framework used, first confirms that the ideologies of our two cases studied indeed resemble those of the European populist radical right. It also allows us to compare our cases with one another, showing that despite their great similarities, the ideologies of the second group are more radical. It was moreover possible to link this difference with the distinct contexts in which the discourse of the groups takes place. A more detailed analysis of the group's arguments confirms our proposition that populism stems from ethnonationalism and that the first ideology supports the second. However, our analysis allows us to understand in more details the nature of this relationship by showing that populism has essentially a role of democratic legitimization for ethno-nationalist claims. The work also succeeds in showing that ethnonationalism is rooted more broadly in a form of radical conservatism, thus providing avenues for future research on the subject.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2021
Open Access Date: 20 September 2021
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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