Effect of two thermoresistant non-starter lactic acid bacteria strains on volatilome profile during Cheddar ripening simulation

Authors: Gagnon, Mérilie; Goulet, Charles; Lapointe, GisèleChouinard, YvanRoy, Denis
Abstract: Dairy farm management practices can modify milk microbiota and therefore modulate non-starter lactic acid bacteria (NSLAB) found in cheese. These NSLAB can cause organoleptic defects. This study aimed to investigate the impact of two potential NSLAB in Cheddar cheesemaking: Lactiplantibacillus plantarum RKG 2-212 a strain isolated both in corn silage and raw milk, and Lactobacillus delbrueckii RKG R10, a strain isolated after pas-teurisation of milk from a farm using grass and legume silage, and corn silage. The whole genome of these two lactobacilli was first sequenced. Then, the thermoresistance was evaluated after treatment at 60 ◦C for 5 min and compared to reference strains. Both lactobacilli were highly thermoresistant compared to other three lactic acid bacteria which are Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris ATCC 19257 and SK11, and L. plantarum ATCC 14917 (P <0.0001). They lost less than 1 log cfu/mL (Δlog) and their genome contained a great number of copy number of genes coding for heat shock protein. During a Pearce test activity simulating Cheddar cheesemaking, the two lactobacilli did not show interaction with the starter Lcc. lactis subsp. cremoris SK11, and their population remained stable. During a ripening simulation, L. delbrueckii RKG R10 had a slight loss in viability in cheese slurry samples incubated at 30 ◦C for 12 d. However, L. plantarum RKG 2–212 had considerable growth, from 6.51 to 8.3 log cfu/g. This growth was associated with the acidification of the slurries (P <0.0001). The presence of the lactobacilli modified the profile of volatile compounds evaluated by gas chromatography–mass spec-trometry, accounting for 10.7% of the variation. The strain L. plantarum RKG 2-212 produced volatile compounds in greater quantity that could be associated with organoleptic defects such as acetic acid and 2-methylbutyral-dehyde. Therefore, silage can be a vector of thermoresistant lactic acid bacteria for milk which can lead to flavor defects in cheese
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 3 September 2021
Open Access Date: 3 September 2022
Document version: AM
Creative Commons Licence: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/70341
This document was published in: International journal of food microbiology, Vol. 357, 1-13 (2021)
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2021.109382
Elsevier
Alternative version: 10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2021.109382
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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