Le comportement de recherche d’information en santé sexuelle et reproductive via Internet chez les adolescent-e-s de 15 à 19 ans au Burkina Faso

Authors: Lompo, Miaba Louise
Advisor: Bélanger-Gravel, Ariane
Abstract: This thesis investigates the determinants of online information seeking about sexual and reproductive health (SRH) among adolescents aged 15-19 years in Burkina Faso by focusing on two health issues: unwanted pregnancies and sexually transmitted and blood-borne infections (STBBIs). Theoretically, the study is built on an integrative framework. This model combines variables from the planned behaviour theory, the interpersonal behaviour theory and the risk information search and processing model. It is used to explain the intention to seek information on unwanted pregnancy and STBBIs via the online among these adolescents. The study began with an initial methodological phase that enabled us to (i) identify adolescents' modal salient beliefs (ii) evaluate the questionnaires' comprehensibility and (iii) check its psychometric qualities. The final questionnaires were created based on adjustments made during this first phase. The second phase, which is the main study, collected information on factors affecting adolescents' online information seeking on unwanted pregnancies and STBBIs. A total of 730 adolescents were surveyed, 363 completing the questionnaire on unwanted pregnancy and 367 completing the one on STBBIs. To identify the determinants of adolescents' intention to seek online information on unwanted pregnancies and STBBIs, several multivariate logistic analysis models were estimated, stratifying by sex and by the SRH issue (unwanted pregnancies and STBBIs). The results from these estimations suggest that the determinants of the intention to seek SRH information online differ by sex and by SRH issue. Regarding the intention to seek information on unwanted pregnancies online, the explained variance of the final model is 38% for boys and 37.90% for girls. For boys, the main determinants of intention to seek information about unwanted pregnancies online are cognitive attitude (OR = 4.6; CI95%: 1.70 - 12.21), past behaviour (OR = 5.5; CI95%: 1.93 - 15.85) and subjective norm (OR = 3.2; CI95%: 1.34 - 7.43). For girls, cognitive attitude (OR = 23.3; 95% CI: 2.40 - 32.68) appears to be the main determinant of intention. Regarding the intention to seek information on STBBIs online, the explained variance of the final model is 40.17% for boys and 33.28% for girls. For boys, the main determinants of the intention to seek information on STBBIs online were cognitive attitude (OR = 6.8; CI95%: 2.13 - 21.46), affective attitude (OR = 3.6; CI95%: 1.42 - 9.14) and past behaviour (OR = 3.3; CI95%: 1.19 - 9.10). For girls, only statistical relationships were observed in the predictive models of intention to seek information about STBBIs online. In light of these results, communication strategies in Burkina Faso aiming to enhance adolescents' online information seeking about SRH should be adjusted to incorporate these determinants. While the results of this thesis support possible actions in health communication, improving adolescent SRH in Burkina Faso will require a more comprehensive and global public health approach
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2021
Open Access Date: 13 September 2021
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/70307
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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