Alternative au polyéthylène glycol dans la préparation de vecteurs pharmaceutiques
|Abstract:||For a long time, polyethylene glycol (PEG) has been considered as biologically inert, but it is now clear that not only antiPEG antibodies do exist , but also, they can be widespread in the general population. Currently, the mechanism by which these antibodies bind to the plasmatic proteins is still under investigation. However, they are responsible for the phenomenon of accelerated blood clearance and some adverse effects such as hypersensitivity and anaphylaxis. Moreover, recent studies suggest that 7% of the population pre-exposed (72%) to PEG have a high level of antibodies (immunoglobuline G ˃ 500 ng/mL), making them susceptible to allergic reactions.¹ ² Among other things, 6 out of 272 000 people did suffer from anaphylaxis during the injection of Pfizer-BioNTech's COVID-19 vaccine last December, potentially because of the presence of PEG in the formulation. It is therefore very important as we develop therapeutic modalities using polymers, to assess their effects in vivo. Several alternatives have been proposed to PEG such as polyvinylpyrrolidone, poly(N-isopropylacrylamide), poly(glycerol) and poly(2-oxazoline). Unfortunately, to date none of these polymers have yet succeeded reaching the FDA approved PEG standard. The objectives of this study were initially to synthesise a polymer which could potentially replace PEG on the surface of pharmaceutical vectors such as liposomes or nanoparticles. An amphiphilic polymer based on monoglycerol acrylate was incorporated into a liposome formulation. Secondly, the anchoring of this polymer to the surface of our vector was evaluated using several techniques. Our results demonstrate that the amphiphilic character, created by one or many alkyl chains is important, and it influences drastically the anchoring of the polymer into the bilayer but also the pharmacokinetic (PK) of the nanocarrier.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||13 September 2021|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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