Évaluation de la pertinence des plantations sur friches agricoles en Abitibi-Ouest dans le contexte de lutte contre les changements climatiques

Authors: Thibault, Mélina
Advisor: Thiffault, Évelyne; Bergeron, Yves
Abstract: Afforesting abandoned agricultural lands (fallow lands) is a method authorized by the Kyoto Protocol to create CO₂ sinks and thus reduce atmospheric CO₂. It turns out that Abitibi-Ouest offers the greatest potential for afforestation of fallow lands in Quebec with its 51 000 hectares of fallow land. However, before starting any afforestation project, it is essential to assess whether afforestation provides real benefits in terms of carbon sequestration and therefore contribute to climate change mitigation. The purpose of this study is therefore to document these benefits. To do this, soil and biomass measurements were carried out from June to September 2019 in the Abitibi-Ouest region in 26 fallow lands with natural plant succession, and 23 afforested fallow lands in white spruce. The first objective was to reconstruct the chronosequence of plant succession on fallow lands left to natural vegetation. The second objective was to compare the carbon accumulation over time in the main pools (vegetation, soil) of natural and afforested fallow lands. It has been observed that over a 50-year horizon, afforested fallow lands stored twice as much carbon in vegetation, while natural fallow lands stored twice as much carbon in the soil. Overall, the total amount of carbon stored (including both vegetation and soil) was similar between afforested fallow lands and those left to natural succession. This study will guide decisionmaking on the use of afforestation of fallow lands in Abitibi and highlights the fact that other management objectives than carbon sequestration should be considered. The results obtained will also fuel reflection on the relevance of afforestation as a tool to fight climate change, whether at the provincial, national or global level.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2021
Open Access Date: 9 August 2021
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/69913
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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