L'itinérance des femmes Kanaka Maoli : étude de cas empirique sur les trajectoires de (sur)vie

Authors: Fournier-Dufour, Laurie
Advisor: Duhaime, Gérard
Other Title(s): Itinérance des femmes Kanaka Maoli
Abstract: Our intention for this study was to further our understanding of the living and survival conditions associated with female homelessness in O'ahu. This empirical research aim to observe the objective and subjective experiences of these women through semi-structured qualitative interviews. More specifically, we focused specifically on the homelessness of Native Hawaiian women to answer the following questions: who are the Kanaka Maoli women experiencing homelessness? What are their living and survival conditions? How do social values, norms and social representations affect the social exclusion and marginalization experienced by them and how can it be understood from a sociological perspective? This desire for understanding is part of a broader observation of the social mechanisms that have an impact on the women we meet, more specifically with consideration for the exclusion, marginalization and violence. The margins studies are used to observe how culture, social roles and the normative orientation of action affect the lives of these women. As part of this study, interviews were conducted with twenty-nine women living in the community of Pu'uhonua O' Wai'anae, a self-managed homeless community in the West part of O'ahu. The exploration of these phenomena allows us to interpret the homelessness criminalization and social sanction as consequences of the processes of marginalization and exclusion these women face. The results indicated that living in this community would allow women to diminish the effects of several social processes experienced outside the community, such as exclusion, powerlessness and social invisibility. The self-managed community of Pu'uhonua O' Wai'anae is therefore proving to be an alternative model that meets the needs of people experiencing homelessness. By settling in the community, they discover a safe place where they can use their social agency. Rather than suffering from social exclusion, they create relationships and an inclusive community that allows them to be recognized as citizens.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2021
Open Access Date: 9 August 2021
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/69912
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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