Les systèmes alimentaires alternatifs au Panama : analyse des jardins familiaux et scolaires comme stratégie de développement rural dans la province de Chiriquí.

Authors: Gauthier, Catherine
Advisor: Gravel, Nathalie
Abstract: Subsistence-based alternative food systems are analyzed as food security sources and smallscale production valorization to enhance two rural communities' resilience. Those communities are El Higo and Chorcha Abajo in David district, Chiriquí province, Panama. They were targeted for their participation to two family and school gardens programs that are established by the Agriculture Ministry, Education Ministry and the Savings Bank of Panama. In this research, the potential of small-scale family and school agriculture is measured based on food security and sustainable livelihoods factors. It is thus suggested that those food systems could help decrease rural inhabitants' vulnerability and counterbalance their economic marginalization caused by strong national inequities and important territorial disparities. Field data analysis methods include discourse and content analysis. Results demonstrate that family and school gardens in the communities studied provide a significant contribution to food security and livelihoods but their existence and output can be easily threatened by a number of factors, causing uncertainty in terms of their sustainability. The different community gardening initiatives also bring to light the need for sustainable rural development structures and public policies at all municipality, provincial and national levels.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2021
Open Access Date: 9 August 2021
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/69910
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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