Effets de la salive sur l’intégrité de la barrière épithéliale et la réponse inflammatoire dans un modèle in vitro de cellules épithéliales buccales

Authors: Roy, Antoine
Advisor: Grenier, Daniel; Gonçalves, Reginaldo Bruno
Abstract: Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease of bacterial origin characterized by irreversible destruction of the tooth-supporting tissues. It is well known that saliva from subjects suffering from the disease generally contains higher levels of pro-inflammatory mediators, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and bacteria-derived toxic products. In this study, we investigated and compared the effects of saliva from healthy and periodontitis subjects on the barrier function and inflammatory response in in vitro models of oral epithelium. Unstimulated saliva samples from two groups of subjects with clinical gingival health (n = 12) and severe generalized periodontitis (n = 11) were filter-sterilized. All saliva samples were analyzed by immunological multiplex to determine the levels of various cytokines and MMPs relevant to periodontitis. On the one hand, the impact of saliva on epithelial barrier integrity was assessed by monitoring the transepithelial electrical resistance (TER) in an oral epithelium model using the keratinocyte cell line B11. On the other hand, oral epithelial cells of the cell line GMSM-K were treated with saliva samples of both groups to determine their ability to induce the secretion of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-8 (IL-8), as determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Saliva from subjects with periodontitis showed significantly higher levels of matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), IL-8 and chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 1 (CXCL1) compared to saliva collected from periodontally healthy subjects. Saliva samples from healthy and periodontitis subjects affected the TER and cytokine secretion in a similar manner. Saliva from both groups of subjects increased TER and induced IL-6 and IL-8 secretion in the in vitro models used. Independently of the presence or absence of periodontitis, saliva can increase the relative TER as well as the secretion of IL-6 and IL-8 in in vitro models of oral epithelium.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2021
Open Access Date: 9 August 2021
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/69905
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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