Récupération du phosphore à partir des eaux usées sous la forme de vivianite en utilisant la méthode d'électrocoagulation

Authors: Souidi, Rania
Advisor: Vanrolleghem, Peter A.; Drogui, Patrick; Vaneeckhaute, Céline
Abstract: Nitrogen and phosphorus are causing environmental problems leading to environmental stress on aquatic ecosystems such as eutrophication and toxicity. To counteract these impacts, the use of advanced treatment processes is required to meet the strict discharge regulations. An annual increase in nutrient use by society is observed while global phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) reserves are becoming limited. Given their importance in all life, the recoveryof these nutrients from waste water has gained the attention of researchers and has become a highly important research field. Waste water treatment plants (WWTPs) are considered one of the important accumulation points of phosphorus with around 1.3 million tons of P-removed globally per year via sewage treatment (Li et Li 2017). P-recovery from wastewater could thus cover around 15-20% of the global phosphorus demand (Yuan et al. 2012). Therefore, WWTPs are now considered as Water Resource Recovery Facilities (WRRFs), a place where biowaste valorization and management are pursued. Electrochemical processes can be used as tertiary treatment for P-removal (Tran et al. 2012). Nowadays, it is also gaining the interest of researchers as a new tool for nutrient recovery processes such as electrodialysis, electrocoagulation, electrochemical magnesium dosage, etc.Based on a literature review, it could be concluded that all these processes have currently only been studied at pilot-scale, and full-scale application still needs more investigation and research. In this research project, an electrocoagulation technique was applied for the first time to recover phosphorus from wastewater as vivianite. In fact, vivianite phosphorus recovery, an innovative practice, has attracted considerable attention for its natural ubiquity, easy accessibility and foreseeable economic value (Wu et al. 2019). The proposed electrocoagulation process uses a sacrificial iron anode to produce ferrous ions formed during anode dissolution,reacting with ions in wastewater, in particular PO₄³⁻ , HPO₄²⁻ et H₂PO₄ , resulting in the formation of vivianite, Fe₃(PO₄)₂,8H₂O, that can be used in different types of application : slow release fertilizer, Li-ion battery, paint . . . As part of this project, electrochemical modelling with PHREEQC was used to study the dissolution of the iron anode, the optimal conditions for vivianite precipitation, the factors limiting its formation and the monitoring of the precipitation process in a complex wastewater matrix. PHREEQC was found to be a powerful tool to perform speciation calculations and the evaluation of the saturation index which determines the rate of precipitation. The experimental part of the work studied the recovery of vivianite using electrocoagulation. This recovery was evaluated in lab-scale reactors operating in batch mode and in continuous mode in order to evaluate respectively, the recovery of vivianite as a new route of recovery of P and the kinetics of its precipitation at different pH values.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2021
Open Access Date: 2 August 2021
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/69820
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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