Implication de l’Acyl-CoA Binding Domain 7 dans le contrôle neuronal de la prise alimentaire et de la dépense énergétique chez le rat

Authors: Delage, Stéphanie
Advisor: Richard, Denis
Abstract: With the worrying increase in obesity cases worldwide over the last decades, the scientific community has increasingly been interested in the various mechanisms involvedin the regulation of energy balance. The energy balance regulation is based on two main components, namely food intake and energy expenditure, insured by various peripheral and neural circuits. The hypothalamus plays a major role in energy balance regulation. It hosts the proopiomelanocortin (POMC) and agouti-related peptide (AgRP) neurons, which are found in the arcuate nucleus, and which form, together with the melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R), the melanocortin system. The melanocortin system when activated reduces foodintake and stimulates energy expenditure. Its role in energy balance regulation is prominentand its activity is modulated by various molecules including the Acyl-CoA Binding Domain 7(ACBD7) protein which can generate two peptide fragments, namely, nonadecaneuropeptide (NDN) and the new endozepine member 18 (NEM18). The involvement of NDN has been shown to reduce food intake and stimulate energy expenditure in mice, effect that can be blocked by a MC4R antagonist. This study constituting the core of this mémoire aimed to (i) confirm the involvement of ACBD7 in the control of energy balance in rats, (ii) study the effects of ACBD7 on conditioned taste aversion and (iii) compare the cerebral expression, the neural action sites and the catabolic effects caused by ACBD7 and DBI. In contrasts with what has been observed in mice, NDN does not influence energy balance in rats. Results obtained suggest the involvement of NEM18 in the control of food intake and energy expenditure. We observed an increase infood intake following the intracerebroventricular injection of 0,125 and 0,250 µg of NEM18.Energetic parameters, as oxygen consumption and energy expenditure in kcal, were also modulated by NEM18 in rats.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2021
Open Access Date: 26 July 2021
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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