La Ville thérapeutique : sociologie politique d'un tribunal communautaire à Québec

Authors: Marois, Sophie
Advisor: Fernandez, Fabrice
Abstract: Specialized and problem-solving courts emerged at the turn of the 1990s, promoting "community-based" supervision rather than prison sentences for offenders identified with a range "underlying issues" such as homelessness, substance abuse or mental illnesses. In 2013, following in the footsteps of numerous North American cities, Québec announced the creation of its own community court under municipal jurisdiction. This case study unpacks the conceptualization and implementation process of such a dispositif in Québec City. Its methodological approach combines documentary research (legal, political and media documents) and in-depth interviews (15) with key decision makers and partners involved in the development of the court. Analysis draws on political sociology of justice to uncover how the push for a community court is embedded in an agenda of urban "securitization" and "revitalization." The concept of the Therapeutic City is developed to examine the novel style of municipal governance that emerges to reshape the regulation of deviance at the intersection of a number of valued principles and behaviours, from professional sensitivity and personalized treatment to good governance and change in police culture. Rather than merely "softening" punishment, analysis demonstrates how this new normative framework reiterates the authority of legal supervision and the discretionary power of law enforcement. In this regard, research findings constitute a new milestone for understanding the political, moral, and economic processes that underlie judicial innovations, as well as the metamorphoses of social control at the local scale.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2021
Open Access Date: 26 July 2021
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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