Patrimoine, tourisme et communautés locales en Haïti. Une étude dans les Départements de l'Artibonite et du Centre

Authors: Gustave, Jean Rony
Advisor: Saidi, Mohamed Habib
Abstract: This thesis aims to analyze in depth the heritage and tourism binomial in terms of real and effective participation of local communities in tourism projects and / or activities in Haiti, particularly in the Departments of Artibonite and Center by putting the focus specifically on cultural tourism (diasporic, national or local) and intangible heritage. We support the idea that the heritage and tourism binomial is not possible without real and effective participation of local communities in tourism projects in Haiti. Through real and effective participation, we consider the following aspects that we develop a little further: 1) the involvement of local communities in major site-related decisions; 2) the valorisation of the socioeconomic benefits of tourism on local communities; 3) the relationship of trust developed between local communities and other stakeholders (state authorities and site managers in the management of sites, 4) the social representation that local communities make of sites according to their Catholic-vodou practices Indeed, since the flagship project of President Dumarsais Estimé (August 16, 1946-10 May 1950) identifying tourism as the key sector of the Haitian economy, no real place is given to local communities in touristic projects in Haiti. The different Tourism Master Plans and Tourism Development Projects designed by the state authorities bear witness to this. Local communities have never been considered as true beneficiaries of tourism and potential players in tourism development, in Haiti. Favouring a qualitative approach, we opted for multi-site ethnography as part of the methodology of our thesis. The multi-site ethnography allows us to get in touch with people, to observe participatively the festive events related to the sites of our research, to compare the practices of the two sites in order to understand their points of convergences. Indeed, whether it is at Badjo or Saut-d'Eau, they are all subject to Catholic-vodou ritual practices. Participatory and direct observation as well as the semi-directed interview allows us to question the different actors concerned: local communities, site managers and state authorities.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2021
Open Access Date: 26 July 2021
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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