Modélisation des ruptures initiant la coulée argileuse de Saint-Luc-de-Vincennes

Authors: Omri, Rihab
Advisor: Locat, Ariane
Abstract: The Saint-Luc-de-Vincennes landslide occurred in several events between October 22 and November 9, 2016. The description of these events is based primarily on the testimony of the property owner. According to his observations, on October 22, a first rotational slide, involving the toe of the slope, occurred. A few days later, a larger slide would have involved the entire slope by reaching the crest of the slope. It seem that this slide could have initiated the first sensitive clay flowslide that occurred on November 7 and would have given the shape of the bottleneck characteristic of clay flows. On November 9, a second flow occurred, followed very quickly by a spread. The objective of this study is to present a methodology allowing the temporal modeling of the conditions that led to the initiation of clay flows. In this perspective, odometer tests with permeability and consolidation coefficient (cv) calculations were performed in order to characterize the mechanical behavior and the properties of sensitive clays at Saint-Luc-de-Vincennes. All of these parameters were used to carry out numerical modelling, by coupling SLOPE/W and SIGMA/W from the GeoStudio suite, of the discharge of debris from the October 22 landslide and the second landslide that occurred a few days later and which would have initiated the first flow on November 7. Finally, a parametric study focusing on the effect of soil properties and slope geometry was used to analyze the evolution of the safety factor of the back scarp as a function of time following the unloading of debris caused by the first two slides. The overall results provide a good overview of the complexity of including time in stability analyses to reproduce the conditions that led to the first landslide on November 7, 2016.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2021
Open Access Date: 19 July 2021
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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