Évaluation et analyse des déterminants du comportement alimentaire et de l'environnement alimentaire reliés à la consommation des aliments riches en fer chez les enfants âgés de 6-23 mois au Sénégal

Authors: Akpaki, Kossi
Advisor: Galibois, Isabelle; Blaney, Sonia
Abstract: In Senegal, more than seven out of ten children aged 6-59 months suffer from anemia. Moreover, child feeding practices are inadequate in the country; thus, less than half of children aged 6-23 months had consumed iron rich foods (IRF) during the days covered by the 2018 Demographic and Health Survey. In the region of Matam, located in north of Senegal, 74 % of children aged 6-59 months suffer from anemia. In order to assess factors underlying the provision of IRF to children aged 6-23 months, we conducted a cross-sectional study from January to July 2018 in four localities of the Matam region. An extended version of the theory of planned behaviour was used to assess, amongst the determinants of food environment and the psychosocial factors of mothers, which were the best predictors of the provision of IRF to children aged 6-23 months. Interviews with heads of households and mothers of children as well as direct observation methods and focus group discussions were used to assess the determinants of food environment. Psychosocial factors and mothers' intention to provide IRF to their children were assessed using a questionnaire with pictograms developed and validated in this study. A total of 103 households were included in this study. Overall, 65% of mothers had given IRF, mainly fish, to their children the day before the survey. Attitude (? = 0.26; p = 0.015) and subjective norm (? = 0.22; p = 0.047) were the psychosocial factors associated with mothers' intention to provide IRF to their children. Furthermore, 64% of households were severely food insecure. Food availability at the community and household level as well as socioeconomic status of the household were the determinants of household food insecurity. Child's age (OR = 1.14, 95% CI = 1.03 - 1.26, p = 0.012) and household food insecurity score (OR = 0.80, 95% CI % = 0.68 - 0.96, p = 0.014) were the main predictors of the provision of IRF to children aged 6-23 months in the present study. The results obtained during the current research may help to better target behaviour change interventions by ensuring that from the age of six months, iron rich foods are offered to young children in the study setting.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2021
Open Access Date: 12 July 2021
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/69598
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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