Contrôle génétique de la résistance à la sécheresse chez l'épinette blanche

Authors: Laverdière, Jean-Philippe
Advisor: Bousquet, Jean; Lenz, Patrick
Abstract: In the context of anticipated climate change, increasingly intense and frequent episodes of drought will affect water availability for boreal tree species, prompting tree breeders to consider adaptation to water stress as a priority. We used a 19-year-old comparative test of white spruce (Picea glauca [Moench] Voss) polycross progeny established on two sites affected by drought episodes to compare the genetic control and the potential for improvement of drought response with those of more conventional growth traits. To do this, we used genomic selection (GS) based on genomic profiles and traditional selection based on pedigree information only (PS). The genetic control for drought-response traits was somewhat weaker than for growth traits, but with comparable estimated genetic gains, which makes it possible to consider the use of GS at an early age. The accuracy of predicted breeding values for drought response traits was only slightly lower than that for growth traits. We observed opposite correlations on the two sites studied between water stress resistance traits and tree radial growth, likely because the water stress episodes occurred at different times during the growth season between sites. However, some selection scenarios made it possible to improve all traits while sacrificing very little on height gain, which is the priority trait targeted for this species in Quebec. Our results suggest that integrating drought response into white spruce breeding programs would require only a slight sacrifice in height growth, but that the accuracy of predictions obtained by the genomic or the conventional approach is negatively affected by the lower numbers of trees in site-specific analyses when the water stress episodes are different from site to site.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2021
Open Access Date: 5 July 2021
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/69522
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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