Effect of cell size on the quasi-static compressive properties of silicone foams with spherical closed cells
|Abstract:||In this work, the effect of cell size on the compressive properties of silicone rubber foams with spherical cells was experimentally studied. The foams were made using a silicone resin and expanded polystyrene beads (EPS) through a novel technique. The beads were mixed with the reactive resin and the mixture was left at room temperature until the resin was cured. Then, the solidified material was heated up to shrink down the beads to form the cellular structure. Three different foams with different cell sizes, ranging from about 1 mm to about 2 mm,were made and tested under quasi-static compression. For each sample, the compressive modulus to weight ratio and compressive strength to weight ratio were obtained. Finally, these values were compared between them to determine the effect of cell size on the compressive properties. The results show that increasing the cell size increases the stiffness. For example, increasing the cell size from 1 mm to 1.5 mm at constant density (480 kg/m³) increases the compressive modulus by 17%, while the compressive stress at 50% strain increasesby 14%. From all the results obtained, it can be concluded that among the closed cell rubber foams having the same matrix composition and similar densities,but different cell sizes, the one having the smallest cell size gives the lowest compressive properties to weight ratio, while the one with the largest cell size gives the highest ratio when they are slowly compressed.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||5 July 2021|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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