Analyse de la divergence des positions des États-Unis et de la Russie en Syrie dans la lutte contre le groupe de l'État islamique en Iraq et au Levant menée sous l'égide du Conseil de sécurité des Nations Unies

Authors: El Kyak, Anass
Advisor: Campana, Aurélie; Lafontaine, Fannie
Abstract: This thesis attempts to understand how the divergence in the logics of action between the United States and Russia in Syria had hindered the constitution of a collective action framed by the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) that could have favored the prevention and the rapid and definitive defeat of the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) organization. Indeed, the United States and Russia have been the most influential international powers in Syria given their extensive involvement under the stated goal of defeating ISIL. While agreeing on the need for a political solution to the Syrian crisis, these two strategic actors hold conflicting preferences, mainly with regard to the fate of the Syrian regime of Bashar al-Assad and the dynamics of the armed groups involved in the fighting against him. Thus, despite their competing plans in Syria, these two actors have attempted to devise a common approach to resolving the civil war and leading to the conduct of joint military operations against ISIL and the other terrorist groups taking advantage in the Syrian conflict. Nevertheless, the persisting dissension between these two permanent members of the UNSC had reduced the possibilities of agreement between them and has been projected on the work of this body whose decisions enjoy an exceptional legal and political scope. Thus, we analyze, on the one hand, the diplomatic occasions of interaction between these two actors, and on the other hand, their respective strategic motivations. This analysis allows us to define their logics of action in Syria, to identify the fundamental differences that have led them to prefer unilateral responses against ISIL rather than a common response, and to characterize the dilemma of collective action created by their coordination problem in Syria and that limited the UNSC's ability to take decisive and definitive collective action against ISIL in Syria.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2021
Open Access Date: 5 July 2021
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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