La planification de l'approvisionnement en matière ligneuse en forêt publique québécoise : alignement des objectifs et capacités

Authors: Laliberté, François
Advisor: LeBel, Luc; Gélinas, Nancy
Abstract: Planning for timber supply in Quebec's public forests represents a complex case of a divergent supply chain (Alayet and al., 2015). The customers of this chain can be numerous. They participate in planning by interacting with the Ministry of Forests, Wildlife and Parks (MFFP) which is the supplier of the plans. Customers also interact with each other to coordinate activities leading to the delivery of different products from a stand or tree to different factories. In general and more particularly in the context under study, alignment of objectives and capacities of stakeholders participating in planning is one of the main factors of success in the supply chain (Lee, 2004; Gunn, 2005; Simatupang and Sridharan, 2005; Fawcett and al., 2008; Cao and Zhang, 2013, Wong and al., 2012). Alignment represents the fit, in terms of objectives, structures and processes internally and between the different functions and stakeholders of a supply chain (Wong and al., 2012). In Quebec, potential timber supply and harvested timber show a historical inadequacy, with 30 % or more of the total annual allowable cut of the public forest not being harvested. In addition, the management strategies leading to the allowable cut calculations take little or no account of the economic aspects, which results in dissatisfaction of industrial customers with the value generated by the supply plans. Finally, planning stakeholders express dissatisfaction with the planning process and the value of plans (Gharbi, 2014). The first part of this research, which consists of a descriptive case study, aims to verify if there is a lack of alignment by studying the current planning process and its alignment mechanisms. The process is compared to a conceptual reference framework developed from theoretical concepts collected in the literature and from the main components of the Supply Chain Council's Supply Chain Organizational Reference model (SCOR). Surveys and interviews with forest planners helped to map, describe and interpret the process, and establish concordances and disagreements with the conceptual framework. Although several sub-processes are comprehensively defined by the MFFP, the study shows that the organization of the planning process is not clearly defined. Roles, responsibilities and tasks are broken down and executed in silos rather than fostering the integration of stakeholder capacities. The hierarchical breakdown of planning does not conform to scientific conventions, leading to inconsistencies between planning levels and difficulties in understanding and communicating among stakeholders. The production and supply objectives are not sufficiently clear and defined. Finally, the use of indicators and dashboards is not widespread, which does not facilitate collaboration, adaptation and adjustment. Thus, the feedback and performance measurement mechanisms are deficient. This research allowed us to verify that there is a lack of alignment and identify the main factors involved. The second part of this research aims to propose and test a strategic level planning process focused on the alignment of objectives and planning capacities for woody material supplies from the principles of the conceptual framework adopted. A project was carried out in action research mode. Planning stakeholders were invited to participate in the development of a Regional Timber Production Strategy (SRPB). They were offered a process that put forward principles for aligning objectives and capacities. This approach demonstrates that it is possible to increase stakeholder satisfaction with the planning process by promoting alignment of goals and capabilities, which answers the research question. Although the project (SRPB) only addresses the strategic level of planning woody material supplies in Quebec public forests, we believe that the results of this research, specifically the conceptual framework supporting the configuration of a process, are transferable at the tactical and operational planning scales as well as in other regional contexts in Quebec and elsewhere. We also believe that these findings may inspire approaches to configuring systems and planning processes in other areas where supply planning involves multiple stakeholders. This research project contributes to filling the gap noted in the literature concerning the field of alignment of objectives and capacities in the planning process of the woody material supply.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2021
Open Access Date: 5 July 2021
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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