Santé mentale des camionneurs québécois ayant vécu un accident de la route impliquant une tentative de suicide devant leur camion

Authors: Blouin, Camille
Advisor: Belleville, Geneviève
Abstract: In 2019, across the province of Quebec, 35,000 people were injured in road accidents. The effect ofthese accidents on the mental health of survivors are poorly documented statistically. The prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and its comorbidity with insomnia, depression and transportation phobia hasbeen noted in some victims. Victims of accidents involving a heavy vehicle are over-represented and, in mostcases, the truck driver is not at fault. In these situations, it is possible that a person may have used the heavyvehicle to take their own life (suicide-by-truck). The impact of suicides-by-truck on mental health is decried bytrucker associations, but the nature and magnitude of these consequences are not well known. The aim of thisstudy is to define a portrait of a sample of Quebec truck drivers’ mental health, who have or have not experienceda road accident, whether involving a suicide attempt or not, to clarify the situation. Eighty-five truck drivers (64.7%male, average age = 42.8 years) completed a battery of validated and homemade questionnaires measuring theseverity of PTSD symptoms, insomnia, depression, daily functioning, and substance use. A significant differencewas observed between those who had not experienced an accident and those who had experienced an accidentthat was not a suicide attempt on the severity of intrusive symptoms related to PTSD (F (2.82) = 4.017, p =0.022). No significant difference was observed between those reporting accidents involving a suicide attemptand those in other groups. The sample of this study did not reveal any specific impact on the mental health oftruck drivers who had experienced road accidents involving a suicide attempt. Therefore, the results obtainedindicate that, for this sample of truck drivers, the context of the accident is not what seems to have the greatestinfluence on mental health. In future research, considering some factors such as the time passed since theaccident or the number of accidents experienced by each truck driver would provide a more accurate picture ofthis population.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2021
Open Access Date: 28 June 2021
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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