Perceptions et influences des habitudes alimentaires dans les premières années d'un travail atypique : une étude qualitative

Authors: Croteau, Jessica
Advisor: Vallières, Annie; Leanza, Yvan
Abstract: The purpose of this dissertation is (1) to examine the perception that shift workers have of the influence of physiological, psychological, psychophysiological and socioenvironmental aspects on their eating habits in the first years of shift work schedule, (2) identify barriers perceived to have healthy habits, including healthy eating habits, by shift workers with atypical working hours and (3) identify factors perceived to facilitate the adoption of healthy habits, including healthy eating habits, by shift workers with atypical work schedule. The following question will be answered: What meaning do healthcare workers give to their eating habits in the early years of shift work schedule? Nine (N = 9) shift workers who have worked on atypical working schedule for less than 6 years and who are between 23 and 33 years old took part in semi-structured individual interviews. An inductive thematic qualitative analysis of the participants' discourse was performed using QDA miner lite software. The results indicate that familial and social contexts, seasons, as well as sleep are the main themes that influence the construction of the meaning of eating habits for shift workers in the first years of their practice. An important interrelation between the physical, psychological, psychophysiological and socioenvironmental elements seems to exist and complexifies the construction of meaning for shift workers. The participants' speech highlights the difficulties that may arise in connection with their social relationships, seasons and their sleep, but also how these elements may have made life easier in some cases. Factors such as being in a relationship with a partner who also works on an atypical working schedule and having a more stable and less busy schedule also seem to lead to greater well-being in the first years of this type of work for some participants.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2021
Open Access Date: 28 June 2021
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/69485
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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