Gene therapy for lipoprotein lipase deficiency

Authors: Gaudet, DanielMéthot, Julie; Kastelein, John J. P.
Abstract: One-year results are reported of the first lipoprotein lipase deficiency (LPLD) patient treated with alipogene tiparvovec, which is indicated for the treatment of patients with genetically confirmed LPLD suffering from acute and recurrent pancreatitis attacks (PAs) despite dietary restrictions and expressing >5% of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) mass compared to a healthy control. During clinical development, alipogene tiparvovec has shown improvement of chylomicron metabolism and reduction of pancreatitis incidence up to 5.8 years post treatment. A 43-year-old female presented with severe hypertriglyceridemia (median triglyceride [TG] value of 3,465 mg/dL) and a history of 37 PAs within the last 25 years, despite treatment with fibrates, omega 3 fatty acids, and—since 2012—twice-weekly lipid apheresis. LPLD was confirmed by identification of two different pathogenic variants in the LPL gene located on separate alleles and therefore constituting a compound heterozygous state. With a detectable LPL mass level of 55.1 ng/mL, the patient was eligible for alipogene tiparvovec treatment, and in September 2015, she receved 40 injections (1 × 1012 genome copies/kg) in the muscles of her upper legs under epidural anesthesia and immunosuppressive therapy. Alipogene tiparvovec was well tolerated: no injection site or systemic reactions were observed. Median TG values decreased by 52%, dropping to 997 mg/dL at month 3 and increasing thereafter. Within the first 18 months post treatment, the patient discontinued plasmapheresis and had no abdominal pain or PAs. In March 2017, the patient suffered from a PA due to diet violation. Within the first 12 months post treatment, overall quality of life improved, and no change in humoral or cellular immune response against LPL or AAV-1 was observed. In conclusion, alipogene tiparvovec was well tolerated, with a satisfactory response to treatment. Long-term effects on the recurrence of pancreatitis continue to be monitored.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 1 April 2018
Open Access Date: Restricted access
Document version: VoR
This document was published in: Current opinion in lipidology, Vol. 23 (4), 310-320 (2012)
Current Science
Alternative version: 10.1089/hum.2018.007
Collection:Autres articles publiés

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