Inhibition of dedifferentiation in primary mouse hepatocytes in vitro to generate a functional hepatic study model

Authors: Laborit Labrada, Beisy
Advisor: Marette, André
Abstract: Obesity and its related pathologies insulin resistance, type 2 Diabetes and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease are becoming one of the major health hazards of modern world. The liver is a major organ in the control of body glucose homeostasis. Nowadays, hepatoma cell lines are in vitro study models available to further study liver physiology. Unfortunately, protein expression and functions in these cells differ from the in vivo reality. Primary hepatocytes are an attractive platform in the study of metabolic diseases because they retain most in vivo hepatic functions. A fundamental limitation of the culture of primary mouse hepatocytes is the metabolic decline taking place after isolation in these cells. Within few days isolated primary cells dedifferentiate into an inferior cell lineage losing specific functions and changing gene expression. Here, we studied primary mouse hepatocytes in culture in the presence of small molecules that modulate specific pathways related to epithelial to mesenchymal transition, a process leading to dedifferentiation in isolated primary mouse hepatocytes. We found that small chemical inhibitors of cytoskeletal changes partially preserved the expression of some hepatic and epithelial markers such as albumin, Zonula-1 and occludin. Furthermore, our results revealed that primary mouse hepatocytes in culture lost the response to insulin but maintained the response to glucagon on gluconeogenesis although the values decreased after 7 days in culture compared to day 1. Taken together, our results suggest that reducing mechanical tension by inhibiting cytoskeletal remodeling could be a way to follow to generate a functional in vitro model of long-term primary mouse hepatocytes to study metabolic diseases.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2021
Open Access Date: 14 June 2021
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/69373
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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