Design et synthèse d’hétérocycles fusionnés polysubstitués par réaction multicomposante de Ugi en tandem pour le développement d’agents antimicrobiens et antinéoplasiques

Authors: Régnier, Noémie
Advisor: Biron, Éric
Abstract: Benzodiazepines and quinoxalines are very important structures in medicinal chemistry and they can be foundin a great number of marketed and clinically important drugs. In addition to their wide spectrum of biological activities and good pharmacokinetic properties, these benzo-fused heterocycles are able to mimic several types of peptide motifs and protein secondary structures. These characteristics make them very attracting scaffolds in the pharmaceutical industry for the development of new therapeutic agents.The first part of the thesis describes the development of a synthetic route for polysubstituted 3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ones using the Ugi-deprotection-cyclization (UDC) strategy. This convenient and efficient method involves a Ugi multicomponent reaction followed by simultaneous deprotection and cyclization byaromatic nucleophilic substitution. A first study of the multicomponent reaction showed that preformation of the imine was necessary to avoid the presence of an important side product resulting from the Passerini multicomponent reaction. Once this first step optimized, the deprotection and cyclization were also analyzed to identify the best reaction conditions. Finally, the optimal conditions identified for the different steps were used for the production of a chemical library of 3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ones which will be involved in future biological tests. The second part of the thesis describes the transfer on solid support of the 1,4-benzodiazepin-3-one synthesis by UDC. Different resins were tested and the results showed that the Ugi reaction and deproctection worked very well on most of them. However, the cyclization step was much more difficult. Following the evaluation of several conditions in solution for the cyclization, the use of the best conditions on solid support allowed the preparation of a 1,4-benzodiazepin-3-one derivative. There is still optimization to do for the cyclization step butthis work pave the way for the synthesis of benzodiazepines on solid support by UDC and the preparation of polysubstituted 1,4-benzodiazepin-3-one libraries.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2021
Open Access Date: 14 June 2021
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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