Évolution longitudinale des symptômes d'insomnie à la suite d'un traumatisme craniocérébral

Authors: Gervais, Frédérique
Advisor: Ouellet, Marie-Christine, 1976-Morin, Charles M.
Abstract: The aim of the study was to assess the evolution of insomnia during the first four years following a traumatic brain injury (TBI) and to compare between different levels of severity of the TBI. This study also aimed to identify risk factors for different insomnia trajectory (chronic, fluctuating or absence of insomnia). Participants included in this study were adults aged between 18 and 65 years (n=429) and were recruited in a hospital setting and rehabilitation center. They completed several self-reported questionnaires at different time points (4, 8, 12, 24, 36 and 48 months post-TBI) to assess insomnia symptoms (ISI), anxiety and depressive symptoms (HADS) and pain (SF-36). Results showed that prevalence rates of insomnia remained high across assessment times points, varying between 52 and 58%. Symptoms were more prevalent among participants who sustained a mild TBI compared to those with moderate to severe TBI (57% vs 67%) and those symptoms were more severe in the mild compared to the moderate-severe TBI group (ISI mean score: mild TBI= 10.46; moderate-severe TBI = 8.44; F= 14.74, p <.001). One third of individuals who sustained a TBI presented a chronic trajectory of insomnia over the 4-year follow-up period. Those with mild TBI were significantly more represented in the subgroup with a chronic trajectory of insomnia compared to those with moderate-severe TBI (37.7% vs 23.2%, p<.001) Individuals presenting a low level of depressive symptoms paired with moderate anxious symptoms were at greater risk for a chronic course of insomnia symptoms. In conclusion, insomnia is a frequent condition following TBI and may impede recovery and quality of life. Patients with mild TBI and presenting depressive and anxious symptoms following TBI should be followed closely since they have a less favorable prognosis regarding the evolution of their insomnia symptoms.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2021
Open Access Date: 14 June 2021
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/69364
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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