La protection des indications géographiques de l'Union Européenne et son effet sur les exportations de fromages

Authors: Makoutchouop, Nerry Christelle
Advisor: Larue, Bruno; Gaigné, Carl
Abstract: The inclusion of GI protection measures in the new European Union agreements is a fairly recent phenomen on that requires special attention. This study therefore proposes to verify to what extent the protection of geographical indications in these so-called "new generation" agreements could contribute to increasing (or decreasing) cheese exportsfrom countries in general and the European Union in particular. Looking beyond tariff reductions, reductions in non-tariff barriers generated by the signing of the agreement andthe expansion of quotas, our results show that the increase in cheese trade is dominated by reductions in non-tariff barriers for non-EU exporters. For European exporters, quota expansions have a significant effect, while GI protection has no significant effect. This effect appears to be greater for small countries. The combined effect of GI protection andquota expansion in the same agreement offers even greater gains to EU cheese trade. Through this study, we make both an empirical and methodological contribution to theliterature. The study is also politically relevant in that the European Union may direct its future agreements toward quota expansions to achieve even greater potential gains.Countries such as Canada, which do not have protected cheeses, should prioritize agreements without tariff quotas or GI protection for their cheese trade, unless they protect some of their local cheeses at the World Intellectual Property Organization, whichwould offer them added value in the European market, where trends for GI products aremore deeply rooted in consumer cultural habits.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2021
Open Access Date: 1 June 2021
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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