Dialectique de la limite et de la non-adhésion / transgression : une étude exploratoire auprès de patients en restriction sodique atteints d'insuffisance cardiaque

Authors: Labrecque, Nathalie
Advisor: Martin, Patrick
Abstract: Patients with heart failure repeatedly consult for complications due to poor disease self-management. Control of heart failure is achieved by adherence to many recommendations. One of the most difficult recommendations to respect is the sodium restriction. This difficulty with sodium restriction persists in the majority of these patients. Non-adherence to sodium restriction combines conscious and unconscious processes dictated, in part, by the pleasure related to the forbidden. Pleasure, which is often excluded from the health discourse, has raised a path of exploration that fosters a holistic vision of non-adherence to sodium restriction. According to the theory of transgression, the study of non-adherence to the sodium restriction has been carried out through the dialectic of the limit and the ban transgression. This theory proposes a reflection on the human being attraction for the limit and the forbidden. The aim of this study is to explore the relationship between the limit and nonadherence/transgression in heart failure patients who do not adhere to sodium restriction. Data collection was carried out through a sociodemographic questionnaire, two salt intake questionnaires and also semi-structured individual interviews. Six patients with heart failure, who were not adherent to sodium restriction, shared their experiences with chronic disease and sodium restriction. The results led to a non-adherent to sodium restriction hearth failure patient typical profile. Participants demonstrated an awareness of the processes underlying nonadherence to sodium restriction, including salt addiction. The results of the study also shed light on the fundamental contradiction in the human's urge to live, which runs counter to the non-adherence to sodium restriction, resulting in acknowledged deleterious effects. Other results have served as a reminder of the persistence of the non-respect of patients' rights and the unequal power sharing between caregiver and patient.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2021
Open Access Date: 24 May 2021
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/69187
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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