Faire la lumière sur l’horloge circadienne de l’épinoche à trois épines
|Abstract:||The circadian clock is an internal timekeeping system shared by almost all living organisms. In the last decades, the circadian clock has been mostly studied with model organisms inthe laboratory, so knowledge about the functional importance and evolution of circadian rhythms in natural environments is limited. The three spine stickleback (Gasterosteusaculeatus) shows many interesting characteristics to study the circadian clock from anecological and evolutionary perspective. However, its circadian rhythms have hardly ever been studied and the existence of a circadian clock has never been demonstrated in this species. In this study, using wild-caught three spine sticklebacks, we investigated the circadian clock of this species at the behavioral and molecular levels. Our first objective wasto determine if the daily rhythm of locomotor activity is under circadian clock control. By quantifying locomotor activity in individual fish under a light-dark cycle (LD) and underconstant darkness (DD), we showed that sticklebacks own an internal timekeeping system,but that locomotor activity is only weakly controlled by the clock. Our second objective wasto determine the phase of activity of sticklebacks under LD. Our results indicate that theyare mostly nocturnal, but we also observed large inter-individual variation. Our third objectivewas to describe the circadian molecular oscillation of five clock genes (bmal1a, clock1b,clock2, per1b and cry1b) in the brain of sticklebacks under DD using quantitative real-time PCR. We reported a lack of circadian rhythmicity for the five genes, which could eitherindicate that the clock molecular oscillator is highly light-dependent or that there was anoscillation but that we were unable to detect it. Overall, our study allows a better understanding of the role and mechanisms of the stickleback circadian clock and paves theway for further exploration of circadian rhythms in this species.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||17 May 2021|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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