Les polymorphismes situés sur les gènes MMP-2 et MMP-9 et leurs associations avec l’adiposité et la densité mammaire

Authors: Dofara, Suélène Georgina
Advisor: Diorio, Caroline
Abstract: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are enzymes that degrade the extracellular matrix.These enzymes could play an essential role in physiological and pathological processes.MMPs may play an important role in carcinogenesis and adipogenesis. One member of the MMP families, namely gelatinases, has generated interest in breast cancer development. However, the literature does not provide compelling evidence for the involvement of polymorphisms in MMP-2 and MMP-9 in breast cancer risk. The current study aimed to understand the relationship between polymorphisms in MMP-2 and -9 genes and breastcancer risk. To do so, we evaluated the association between rs243865 in MMP2 andrs3918242, rs17576, rs2250889, rs2274756 in MMP-9, and adiposity and breast density,which are risk factors for breast cancer. The study was carried out among 741 premenopausal women recruited during Quebec breast cancer-screening program. We found that the number of copies of the rs243865 T allele in MMP-2 was associated withincreased means of anthropometric factors (ptrend<0.05 for all except waist-to-hip ratio).The same rs243865 allele was associated with decreased mean percent density and dense area, to 6.2% (ptrend=0.036) and 5.9 cm2 (ptrend=0.19), respectively, among woman with TTgenotype, compared to CC genotype. The TT genotype increased mean non-dense area to11.4 cm2(ptrend=0.031) compared to CC genotype. Nevertheless, these associations were attenuated when further adjusted for adiposity. These findings suggest that rs243865 inMMP-2 could be associated with mammographic features. Adiposity can be considered asan intermediate factor of this association.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2020
Open Access Date: 17 May 2021
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/69123
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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